Congratulations - you have completed . You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
What was the result of the Election of 1824?
John Quincy Adams defeated Andrew Jackson in a landslide.
Andrew Jackson got more popular and electoral votes than any other candidate, but John Quincy Adams won the presidency.
John Quincy Adams won the popular vote but lost the electoral vote.
Andrew Jackson won the popular vote but lost the electoral vote.
Question 1 Explanation:
Jackson had more electoral votes than his three opponents, but since he did not have the majority (50%) of the electoral votes, his fate was in the hands of the House of Representatives. There, the defeated Henry Clay used his position as Speaker of the House to rally support to Adams rather than Jackson. Adams then appointed Clay as his Secretary of State. Jackson's supporters denounced this as a "corrupt bargain."
Which of the following was a key reason for increased voter participation in the Election of 1828?
The population of the United States had grown significantly over the course of the previous four years.
The majority of states eliminated land ownership as a requirement to be able to vote.
Free African Americans were granted the ability to vote nationwide.
Women were granted the right to vote in presidential elections.
Question 2 Explanation:
In 1928 9.5% of Americans cast votes compared with 3.4% in 1824. As states began removing land-ownership requirements there was greater socioeconomic balance in the election process. By expanding voting rights, the lower classes were given a voice in the direction of the country for the first time. However, voting was still limited to white males.
What was President Jackson’s response to the Supreme Court decision, written by Chief Justice John Marshall, which stated that Georgia could not impose its laws upon Cherokee tribal lands.
Jackson respected the decision of the Supreme Court and left the Native American lands alone.
Jackson continued negotiations and reached a compromise with the Native American tribes.
Jackson disregarded the Supreme Court’s ruling and implemented the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Jackson instructed Chief Justice Marshall to resign from the Supreme Court.
Question 3 Explanation:
Jackson reportedly said, “John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!” The Indian Removal Act led to the Trail of Tears which saw tens of thousands of Native Americans sign away the rights to their lands and embark on a treacherous and deadly migration westward.
What effect did Andrew Jackson’s presidency have on the National Bank?
Jackson vehemently opposed the National Bank as a tool of the wealthy; he vetoed a renewal of the bank’s charter in 1836.
Jackson saw the National Bank as a necessary component of strengthening the national economy.
Jackson took over control of the National Bank and strengthened its role in the federal government.
Jackson’s presidency had little effect on the National Bank.
Question 4 Explanation:
Jackson’s dismantling of the National Bank was largely a political move to appeal to a lower-income population that felt the Bank unfairly favored the wealthy. The move ended up being a major contributing factor to the Panic of 1837 where Jackson’s successor, Martin Van Buren, was left to pick up the pieces of the crumbling American economy.
What was President Jackson’s response to South Carolina’s attempt to nullify the federal tariffs which were passed by Congress in 1828?
Jackson agreed to the demands of South Carolina, repealing the tariffs.
Jackson allowed South Carolina to secede from the United States.
Jackson ignored South Carolina’s complaints.
Jackson got Congressional authorization for the use of military force to enforce the tariff.
Question 5 Explanation:
Congress authorized the use of military force, but also compromised by passing a gradual reduction of the disputed tariff. Once these bills were passed, South Carolina rescinded its nullification ordinance. Jackson’s solution to the nullification crisis was risky, but ultimately successful. Jackson noted that, "the tariff was only the pretext, and disunion and southern confederacy the real object. The next pretext will be the ... slavery question."
How did the move to national nominating conventions in the 1830s make the Presidential nomination process more democratic?
In the new system, every American had a voice in selecting presidential nominees.
The process went from a small caucus meeting of party leaders to a national meeting of a party’s delegates.
The move made room for new and exciting political parties.
The nomination process fell under much tighter political control.
Question 6 Explanation:
By making the nomination party a national event rather than a small meeting, there was an increase in both participation and transparency in the presidential nominating process.
What was the main objective of those who believed in “Manifest Destiny?”
To eliminate Native American tribes from all the lands controlled by the federal government
To remove all European colonies from the Western Hemisphere
To create profitable partnerships with all native cultures in North America
To expand the United States until it stretched from coast to coast.
Question 7 Explanation:
America’s westward expansion saw a boom thanks to decades of infrastructure improvements and mass emigrations spurned by the promises of fertile land and a fresh start. The phrase “Manifest Destiny” embodied the idea that the land between the Atlantic and Pacific was ripe for the taking, and that neither Native Americans nor European nations had any right or ability to prevent America’s inevitable expansion.
What was the major dispute over the Oregon Territory?
Both the United States and Britain claimed rights to the territory.
There was an intense debate over the legality of slavery in the new territory.
There was turmoil within the Congress about how much new territory should be added the United States.
Native American tribes refused to allow the American military to establish protective forts in the new territory.
Question 8 Explanation:
Britain and America spent nearly three decades arguing over the northern border of Oregon. A compromise was reached in 1846, when the 49th parallel was set as the official border between the two nations’ claims.
What was the result of the Battle of the Alamo?
A large army, comprised of American settlers in Texas, successfully fought off Santa Anna’s much smaller Mexican force.
Santa Anna’s army easily defeated the weak American force.
Santa Anna’s forces fell to the much smaller American forces which were defending the Alamo mission.
It took Santa Anna’s army nearly two weeks to defeat a much smaller American force.
Question 9 Explanation:
The legend of the Alamo was built largely upon the heroism of Texans like Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie, and William Travis, who were able to defend the Alamo mission with inferior numbers and limited supplies for twelve days. While the Alamo ultimately fell to Santa Anna’s forces, it gave Texan leaders time to create a constitution for the new Republic of Texas and formally declare independence from Mexico.
Who served two terms as President of the Republic of Texas?
Question 10 Explanation:
Prior to serving as President of the Republic of Texas, Houston had fought under Andrew Jackson in the military’s efforts against the Creek Indians. Houston’s political track record included two terms in the United States House of Representatives and a governorship in Tennessee. After Texas became a state he served as a US Senator and later as the Governor of Texas.
What caused the initial resistance to the annexation of Texas by the United States?
Texas owed a tremendous amount of money and there was worry that, should Texas become a state, the United States could not afford to pay the debts.
Most Americans feared that bringing Texas into the Union would upset favorable trade relations with Mexico.
There was concern that Texas would enter the United States as a slave state and upset the balance between free and slave states.
Sam Houston had a poor reputation in Washington, D.C. and was not able to have his case for annexation heard.
Question 11 Explanation:
Northern states feared that annexing Texas would mean yet another slave state would be joining the Union. Presidents Jackson and Van Buren both avoided the annexation of Texas because of fears that the slavery issue was too divisive. President John Tyler was for the annexation of Texas, but was unable to get enough support from Congress for the very same reason.
How did America acquire the territories of California and New Mexico?
President James Polk baited Mexico into a war and then took the territories by force.
Congress negotiated an expensive deal to purchase the lands from Mexico.
The territories were largely empty, so Americans simply emigrated there and set up towns and farms on the land.
America had to give Mexico the rights to Texas in exchange for the new territories.
Question 12 Explanation:
President Polk instigated the Mexican-American War in 1846 by sending troops into “disputed” territory (which almost certainly belonged to Mexico). By the end of the war, Polk had succeeded in his aims to acquire the California and New Mexico territories as well as capture Mexico City.
Which of the following was most responsible for the rapid rise in California’s population in the 1840s?
The large population of Native Americans living in California were naturalized as United States citizens.
Slavery was popular in the California territory, so most settlers that came to the region brought labor forces of thousands of slaves.
Given its long coastline, California became home to the largest port cities in North America.
The California Gold Rush led over 100,000 people to emigrate to California in hopes of getting rich from mining gold.
Question 13 Explanation:
The California Gold Rush attracted people from all walks of life to try their hand at mining the California mountains and rivers. The Gold Rush even attracted immigrants from other continents. As a result, California’s population boomed by upwards of 10,000% in the span of a decade.
Which of the following statements best reflects the Gold Rush experience for the majority of those who emigrated to California in the 1840s?
The majority of gold-seekers became successful and wealthy from their mining efforts.
About half of all gold-seekers were successful in their pursuits.
Only a small percentage of the gold-seekers found enough gold to merit their efforts.
No gold was actually found in the California Gold Rush in the 1840s.
Question 14 Explanation:
While over 750,000 pounds of gold were mined in the California Gold Rush, most of the novice miners who arrived went broke in their pursuit of the precious metal.
Which of the following American groups migrated to and settled the Utah Territory in 1846?
Question 15 Explanation:
Over 12,000 Mormons migrated to the Utah Territory in 1846 under the leadership of Brigham Young. After being ousted from several states for their unique brand of Christianity, the Mormons were eager to carve out their own portion of the American West where they could practice their beliefs without fear of harassment. The Mormon settlers created a fully functioning society that included successful agriculture and industries.
Which of the following was a positive benefit of the American railroad system developed in the mid-1800s?
Railroads made it possible to transport goods faster and more inexpensively between regions of the country.
Railroads connected major cities making communication and transportation faster and more reliable.
Railroads led to an increase in the populations of western states.
all of the above
Question 16 Explanation:
Railroads marked a major turning point in American transportation and trade. By 1860, areas of the country that had formerly been cut off due to difficult and time-consuming travel were now part of a reliable network of railways. Areas like the Midwest saw huge growth in both population and economic activity tanks to the railroad.
How did inventions like John Deere’s steel-tipped plow and Cyrus McCormick’s mechanical reaper revolutionize American agriculture?
These inventions made it possible for farmers to plant and harvest faster so farms could produce more crops and earn higher profits.
These inventions led to the end of slave labor’s usefulness on Southern plantations.
American farmers were able to produce the new equipment and sell it to European markets for a profit.
all of the above
Question 17 Explanation:
The steel-tippled plow and mechanical reaper were two of the major innovations that helped bolster the American agriculture economy. With the advent of the railroad and the new American canal systems, farmers in the Midwest could now use these new tools to produce large quantities of wheat and grain for sale to markets on the coasts and even Europe.
What was the main benefit of Samuel Morse’s invention of the telegraph in 1844?
The telegraph would allow instant communication across the Atlantic Ocean with Great Britain and other European allies as early as 1845.
The telegraph allowed goods to be transported between the American coasts.
In an age before radio, the telegraph became a primary source of entertainment for frontier settlers.
The telegraph would be essential in establishing lines of communication that spanned America’s significant land mass.
Question 18 Explanation:
As America continued to expand its borders, communication had become increasingly challenging. Morse’s telegraph would lead to the creation of a vast communication network between America’s cities and towns.
What was the aim of the Wilmot Proviso?
The Wilmot Proviso sought to ban slavery in the territory America gained in the Mexican-American War.
The Wilmot Proviso sought to protect the right to own slaves for settlers in California and New Mexico.
The Wilmot Proviso sought to bring California into the Union as a slave state and bring New Mexico into the Union as a free state.
The Wilmot Proviso sought to bring New Mexico into the Union as a slave state and bring California into the Union as a free state.
Question 19 Explanation:
The Wilmot Proviso never made it through the United States Senate and thus never became law; however, the fact that the issue had been broached at all was concerning to Southern states that were already worried that the North would soon seek to ban slavery nationwide.
What was the deal struck by the Compromise of 1850?
Slavery would be banned in both California and Washington, D.C.; in exchange, the issue would be decided by popular sovereignty for any future states carved from the Mexican Cession and there would be a new federal fugitive slave law.
Slavery would be banned in all of the territory acquired in the Mexican Cession, but Texas would remain a slave state.
Slavery would be permitted in all of the territory gained in the Mexican Cession, however Texas would become a free state.
Slavery would be permitted in California, but the issue would be decided by popular sovereignty for any future states carved from the Mexican Cession.
Question 20 Explanation:
The Compromise of 1850 was designed to keep a lid on the ever-rising tension between the North and South over the issue of slavery. The compromise would help expedite California’s statehood, but it did little to mend the growing divide between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery ideologies.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect.
There are 20 questions to complete.