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Which of the following colonies was settled first?
Question 1 Explanation:
The “lost colony” of Roanoke was initially settled in 1585, two decades before the Jamestown Settlement. Historians are unsure of exactly what happened to the colony and its inhabitants who vanished with little evidence of their fate.
Which of the following was the primary reason the Jamestown colony was established?
The creation of a free and independent land
Profit for European investors
To defeat Native Americans in the region
Question 2 Explanation:
The Virginia Company was a joint-stock venture, similar to a modern corporation. Wealthy investors in London bought shares in the company, giving it the money needed to start and supply a colony. The investors hoped the company would be profitable (the goal was to find raw materials such as gold and silver).
What crop became the key piece in the economic success of the Jamestown colony?
Question 3 Explanation:
The Jamestown colony suffered high mortality rates and their initial attempts at agriculture failed. They finally achieved a profitable return with tobacco cultivation.
Which of the following best describes the headright system employed by the Jamestown colony?
It was a system where settlers in the colony were granted the freedom to create their own local governments.
It was a system used to choose leadership in the Jamestown colony.
It was a system created to keep colonists safe from Native American attack.
It was a system that guaranteed 50 acres of land for every colonist who paid for their own transport to the colony.
Question 4 Explanation:
The headright system was a successful plan to help increase the population of the Jamestown colony. More people meant a larger labor force, more farms, and a greater potential for profit for the Virginia Company.
The House of Burgesses that was developed in Virginia during the colonial age was one of the first examples of what in the American colonies?
Divine right of kings
The right to bear arms
None of the above
Question 5 Explanation:
The House of Burgesses was Virginia’s colonial legislature. Its members were elected by the people of Virginia to represent their interests. This was the first example of this type of assembly in the New World.
What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims used to travel to Plymouth?
The Santa Maria
The Jolly Roger
Question 6 Explanation:
In 1620 the Mayflower carried 102 passengers and 30 crew members from England to the Cape Cod Bay. The location where they landed is now called Plymouth Harbor and the city is Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Which of the following was the primary reason the Plymouth colony was established?
To spread Christianity to native peoples
Profit for European investors
To defeat Native Americans in the region
Question 7 Explanation:
The Plymouth colony was created as a place for Puritan Separatists to worship their own version of Christianity that was free from the control and oversight of the Church of England.
What was the purpose of the Mayflower Compact?
To serve as a written set of rules the Plymouth colonists agreed to follow
To inform officials in England that the Mayflower had arrived safely in the New World
To set up trading networks with other British colonies in the New World
To plan for a return trip to England
Question 8 Explanation:
Pilgrim leader William Bradford needed the Mayflower Compact to ensure the mix of Puritan and non-Puritan colonists would have law and order in their new colony.
Which of the following was a key reason the Pilgrims were able to survive the harsh conditions of the Plymouth colony?
The Pilgrims brought a surplus of supplies on their journey to the colony, which sustained them for many years.
The pilgrims received support from the Wampanoag people.
The pilgrims received support from the King of England.
The Pilgrims were rugged and determined people who had little trouble with the conditions in Plymouth.
Question 9 Explanation:
The Wampanoag was a confederacy made up of several Native American tribes. Squanto, and the Wampanoag leader Massasoit, were vital to the Pilgrims’ survival. With help from the Wampanoag, the Pilgrims were able to learn agricultural techniques and other methods for taking advantage of the area’s natural resources.
What was George Calvert’s intended goal for the colony of Maryland?
To create a naval base for the British Empire to use in defense of its colonies
To allow himself, and others like him, the opportunity to escape debts
To create a society that supported the ideals of the Church of England
To create a safe haven for Catholics who were being persecuted in England
Question 10 Explanation:
Life for Catholics in England was growing increasingly difficult. Calvert seized the opportunity to create a colony where he could entice Catholics to settle and, in turn, create a profitable farming economy.
Why did the British seek to take over the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam?
The British were afraid of a Dutch attack.
The British were afraid the Native Americans would soon overpower the Dutch, so they stepped in to help.
The colony's location at the mouth of the Hudson River was a valuable port for colonial trade.
The British and Dutch were engaged in a long-standing war in the New World.
Question 11 Explanation:
Britain was losing out on potential profits because of the Dutch East India Company’s success in New Amsterdam. By taking over the colony and its ports, England was able to profit from the harbors while economically crippling a European competitor.
What was the result of King Philip’s War?
The New England settlers worked with the Native American tribes in the region to oust the French and Dutch settlers, who were planning to set up their own colonies.
The New England settlers decimated the strongest Native American tribes in the region, and went on to expand their settlements into what was previously Native American territory.
The Native Americans pushed European settlers out of their tribal lands.
The allegiance between the New England settlers and Wampanoag Indians became much stronger.
Question 12 Explanation:
Once they had successfully secured their colonial foothold in the region, the New England settlers had little use for the Native Americans, who had once been their key to survival. King Philip’s War would be one of many examples in a long line of British betrayals of the Native Americans.
What was the main cause of Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676?
British colonists wanted a larger share of the Virginia Company’s profits than they were being given.
British colonists were upset that they couldn’t settle western lands due an agreement with Native Americans.
British colonists wanted religious freedom.
British colonists wanted to break away from the British Empire.
Question 13 Explanation:
Nathaniel Bacon was able to successfully mobilize planters in the western reaches of the Virginia territory to fight back against the governor’s unwillingness to protect them from Native American raids. The raid successfully ousted the governor and led to the expansion of the western frontier to further settlement.
What was William Penn’s primary purpose in creating the colony of Pennsylvania?
To create a safe haven in North America for Quakers
To generate profits from the region’s abundant supply of natural resources.
To create a military outpost to defend against French and Native American threats.
To be recognized for exploring and charting the Appalachian wilderness.
Question 14 Explanation:
Penn’s “holy experiment” sought to create a land where he and other Quakers could live freely, equally, and peacefully.
What was James Oglethorpe’s main purpose for establishing the colony of Georgia in 1732?
To provide a safe haven for those escaping religious persecution from the Church of England
To encourage Catholics to migrate to the New World
To provide new opportunities for England’s poor and indebted
To provide support for Christian missionaries working in the New World
Question 15 Explanation:
England was happy to allow Oglethorpe to ease the burden imposed by the growing poor population on the British prison system. As an added bonus, the colony’s location would also serve as a much needed buffer between the British colonies and the Spanish colonies to the south.
Which of the following created the greatest economic growth for Europeans and their North American colonies during the colonial period?
The Stock Market
New knowledge of Native American weapons
Finding the Northwest Passage
Question 16 Explanation:
Triangular trade is trade among three ports or regions. In the colonies, African slaves were put to work growing cash crops such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton. These crops were exported to Europe. European goods were then sent to Africa, where they were used to purchase African slaves. The slaves were then then shipped West, from Africa to the Americas. This movement of goods created a triangular pattern across the Atlantic Ocean.
Which of the following best describes the attitudes of Native Americans towards the European colonies prior to the French and Indian War?
The Native Americans disliked all European colonists and colonial empires.
The Native Americans were widely supportive of the European colonists and colonial empires.
The Native Americans built trust through solid trading relationships with the French, but were weary of the British who regularly broke their treaties and agreements.
The Native Americans built trust through solid military relationships with the British, but were weary of the French who regularly broke their treaties and agreements.
Question 17 Explanation:
The Native Americans and French colonies developed a shared respect for each other based on strong trading relations. The French needed Native American support for basic survival and resources in the colonies. The Native Americans needed access to the manufactured goods and weapons the French could provide them. In contrast, the British routinely swindled the Native Americans out of their lands and resources.
Which of the following best describes the French and Indian War?
America fought for its independence from Great Britain.
The French and the Indians fought against each other for control of North America.
The French and British fought to remove the Indians from North America.
The British fought against the French for control of North America.
Question 18 Explanation:
Despite the name, the French and Indian War was a fight for colonial dominance in the New World. Indians were active participants on both sides of the conflict.
Which of the following best describes the outcome of the French and Indian War?
The British defeated the French
The French defeated the Indians
The French defeated the British
The Americans defeated the British
Question 19 Explanation:
While the French were very successful early in the conflict, the British were able to overcome the French forces in North America thanks to sheer numbers and an alliance with the powerful Iroquois Confederation.
Pontiac’s Rebellion was a Native American response to:
British colonists settling in lands promised to the Native Americans
The end of the French and Indian War
The Proclamation of 1763
Broken promises by the French government
Question 20 Explanation:
Pontiac mobilized several tribes to strike against British settlements and forts in an effort to reclaim lands they believed to be their own. The resulting Proclamation of 1763 banned British settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains; however, colonists widely disregarded the law.
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