Presidential History Quiz
(1901–2016)

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Question 1
Which president is the only leader to have served in both the White House and Supreme Court?

A
John Quincy Adams
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
John Adams
D
William Howard Taft
Question 2
Which president ordered federal troops to enforce desegregation at Little Rock, Arkansas?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 3
Which president initiated the “Good Neighbor Policy” and pledged not to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 4
Which president’s administration was marred by scandals including the Teapot Dome scandal and extramarital affairs?

A
Ulysses S. Grant
B
Warren G. Harding
C
Calvin Coolidge
D
James Garfield
Question 5
Which president pledged to land a man on the moon within a decade?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 6
Which president signed the Federal Reserve Act in 1913?

A
William McKinley
B
William Howard Taft
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 7
Which president implemented supply-side economics during the 1980s?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Gerald Ford
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 8
Which president withdrew US ground troops from the Vietnam War?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Gerald Ford
C
Richard Nixon
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 9
Which president was elected to the White House four times?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Grover Cleveland
C
Abraham Lincoln
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 10
Which president was known as the “trust-buster” for his aggressive prosecution of anti-competitive business practices?

A
William McKinley
B
Grover Cleveland
C
Benjamin Harrison
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 11
Which president made the decision to drop atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 12
Which president signed the Defense of Marriage Act?

A
George W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 13
Which president was implicated in the Watergate scandal?

A
Ulysses S. Grant
B
Richard Nixon
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Bill Clinton
Question 14
Which president gave the “Day of Infamy” speech?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
George W. Bush
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
Abraham Lincoln
Question 15
Which president implemented the policy of containment against the Soviet Union in the Cold War?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 16
Which president was in office at the start of the Great Recession?

A
George W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 17
Which president signed the No Child Left Behind Act?

A
George W. Bush
B
Barack Obama
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 18
Which president appointed Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Barack Obama
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 19
Which president signed the Patient and Affordable Care Act which required all Americans to have health insurance?

A
George W. Bush
B
Barack Obama
C
Bill Clinton
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 20
Which president appointed Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic Justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
George W. Bush
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
Bill Clinton
Question 21
Which president led the nation during the Iran hostage crisis?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Richard Nixon
D
Gerald Ford
Question 22
Which president advocated the adoption of the Kellogg-Briand Pact which sought to outlaw war in 1928?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 23
Which president hosted peace talks, known as the Dayton Accords, which led to peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
Bill Clinton
Question 24
Which president repealed the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
Barack Obama
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George W. Bush
Question 25
Which president implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 26
Which president signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Richard Nixon
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 27
Which president initiated the “New Deal” in an effort to end the Great Depression?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Herbert Hoover
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 28
Which president appointed Thurgood Marshall, the first African American justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Barack Obama
Question 29
Which president was criticized for his “court packing” scheme — an attempt to appoint six new justices to the Supreme Court?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Richard Nixon
Question 30
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2009 for his efforts to encourage nuclear non-proliferation, making him the fourth president to receive the award?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
Barack Obama
D
George W. Bush
Question 31
The energy crisis of the late 1970's occurred during which presidential administration?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Gerald Ford
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 32
Which president led the nation throughout most of World War II?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 33
Which president ended a period of “détente” with the Soviet Union by adopting a more confrontational stance and trying to “rollback” communist influence during the 1980s?

A
Gerald Ford
B
Jimmy Carter
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 34
Which president was the first to throw out a ceremonial first pitch at a baseball game?

A
William Howard Taft
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 35
Which president was the second to have been successfully impeached by the House of Representatives?

A
Andrew Johnson
B
Gerald Ford
C
Bill Clinton
D
Richard Nixon
Question 36
Which president initiated the “War on Drugs”?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 37
Which president was criticized for cracking down on the “Bonus Army” in 1932 — a group of WWI veterans who sought financial aid during the Great Depression?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Herbert Hoover
D
Calvin Coolidge
Question 38
Which president guided the nation through the end of the Cold War into a “new world order”?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Ronald Reagan
D
Bill Clinton
Question 39
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2002 for his efforts to promote peaceful solutions after leaving the White House, making him the third president to receive the award?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Gerald Ford
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 40
Which president initiated the War on Terror following the 9/11 attacks?

A
Barack Obama
B
Bill Clinton
C
George W. Bush
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 41
Which president implemented the Great Society and the War on Poverty?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Richard Nixon
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 42
Which president convened the Washington Naval Conference in 1921 to limit battleship construction?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Calvin Coolidge
Question 43
Which president won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War in 1905?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
William Howard Taft
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 44
Which president began to normalize the US-Cuban relationship after more than 50 years of hostility?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
Barack Obama
Question 45
Which president won Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to negotiate a peace treaty following World War I, making him the second president to receive the award?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 46
Which president introduced the Cold War concept of the “Domino Theory?”

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 47
Which president created the interstate highway system?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
Herbert Hoover
Question 48
Which president implemented the policy of “dollar diplomacy”?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
William McKinley
D
William Howard Taft
Question 49
Which president stepped up the “War on Drugs” in order to counter “crack” cocaine during the 1980s?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Gerald Ford
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 50
Which president proposed the 14 Points at the Treaty of Versailles in 1919?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Warren G. Harding
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 51
Which president implemented the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Barack Obama
C
George W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 52
Which president was known as the “conservation president” for his expansion of the national park system?

A
William Howard Taft
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
William McKinley
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 53
Which president approved the Bay of Pigs invasion and confronted the Soviet Union in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A
Lyndon B. Johnson
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 54
Which president escalated the Vietnam War by deploying large numbers of conventional ground troops following the Gulf of Tonkin incident?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 55
Which president initiated a period of “peaceful coexistence” with the Soviet Union and negotiated the Strategic Arms Limitation and Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaties in the 1970s?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Gerald Ford
Question 56
Which president led the nation for almost the entire duration of the Korea War?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 57
Which president ended 25 years of hostility by opening relations with Communist China?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 58
Which president led the nation to victory during the first Gulf War in the 1990s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Bill Clinton
C
George W. Bush
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 59
Which president created the Peace Corps?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 60
Which president added a “corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine that stated the US could intervene in order to end unrest in another country?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
William Howard Taft
C
William McKinley
D
Woodrow Wilson
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