Presidential History Quiz
(1901–2016)

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Question 1
Which president approved the Bay of Pigs invasion and confronted the Soviet Union in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 2
Which president advocated the adoption of the Kellogg-Briand Pact which sought to outlaw war in 1928?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Warren G. Harding
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Calvin Coolidge
Question 3
Which president’s administration was marred by scandals including the Teapot Dome scandal and extramarital affairs?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Ulysses S. Grant
C
Calvin Coolidge
D
James Garfield
Question 4
Which president ended a period of “détente” with the Soviet Union by adopting a more confrontational stance and trying to “rollback” communist influence during the 1980s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Gerald Ford
C
Jimmy Carter
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 5
Which president was criticized for cracking down on the “Bonus Army” in 1932 — a group of WWI veterans who sought financial aid during the Great Depression?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Herbert Hoover
Question 6
Which president was the first to throw out a ceremonial first pitch at a baseball game?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Calvin Coolidge
D
William Howard Taft
Question 7
Which president signed the Patient and Affordable Care Act which required all Americans to have health insurance?

A
Barack Obama
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George W. Bush
Question 8
Which president was elected to the White House four times?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Abraham Lincoln
D
Grover Cleveland
Question 9
Which president was criticized for his “court packing” scheme — an attempt to appoint six new justices to the Supreme Court?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 10
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2009 for his efforts to encourage nuclear non-proliferation, making him the fourth president to receive the award?

A
Bill Clinton
B
Barack Obama
C
George H.W. Bush
D
George W. Bush
Question 11
Which president made the decision to drop atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 12
Which president stepped up the “War on Drugs” in order to counter “crack” cocaine during the 1980s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Gerald Ford
Question 13
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2002 for his efforts to promote peaceful solutions after leaving the White House, making him the third president to receive the award?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Gerald Ford
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 14
Which president initiated a period of “peaceful coexistence” with the Soviet Union and negotiated the Strategic Arms Limitation and Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaties in the 1970s?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Gerald Ford
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 15
Which president signed the Defense of Marriage Act?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George H.W. Bush
C
George W. Bush
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 16
Which president is the only leader to have served in both the White House and Supreme Court?

A
William Howard Taft
B
John Quincy Adams
C
John Adams
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 17
Which president appointed Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Barack Obama
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Ronald Reagan
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 18
Which president implemented the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
Barack Obama
Question 19
Which president initiated the “Good Neighbor Policy” and pledged not to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 20
Which president introduced the Cold War concept of the “Domino Theory?”

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 21
Which president was the second to have been successfully impeached by the House of Representatives?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Bill Clinton
C
Gerald Ford
D
Andrew Johnson
Question 22
Which president guided the nation through the end of the Cold War into a “new world order”?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
Ronald Reagan
D
George W. Bush
Question 23
Which president withdrew US ground troops from the Vietnam War?

A
Lyndon B. Johnson
B
Richard Nixon
C
Gerald Ford
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 24
Which president led the nation during the Iran hostage crisis?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Richard Nixon
C
Ronald Reagan
D
Gerald Ford
Question 25
Which president convened the Washington Naval Conference in 1921 to limit battleship construction?

A
Calvin Coolidge
B
Herbert Hoover
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 26
Which president implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George H.W. Bush
C
George W. Bush
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 27
Which president won Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to negotiate a peace treaty following World War I, making him the second president to receive the award?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 28
Which president created the Peace Corps?

A
Lyndon B. Johnson
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 29
Which president ended 25 years of hostility by opening relations with Communist China?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 30
Which president implemented the Great Society and the War on Poverty?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Richard Nixon
Question 31
Which president began to normalize the US-Cuban relationship after more than 50 years of hostility?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
Bill Clinton
Question 32
Which president was in office at the start of the Great Recession?

A
Barack Obama
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George W. Bush
Question 33
Which president ordered federal troops to enforce desegregation at Little Rock, Arkansas?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 34
Which president signed the Federal Reserve Act in 1913?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
William Howard Taft
D
William McKinley
Question 35
Which president led the nation throughout most of World War II?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 36
Which president signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

A
Lyndon B. Johnson
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Richard Nixon
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 37
Which president gave the “Day of Infamy” speech?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Abraham Lincoln
D
George W. Bush
Question 38
Which president appointed Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic Justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
George W. Bush
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
Barack Obama
Question 39
Which president added a “corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine that stated the US could intervene in order to end unrest in another country?

A
William Howard Taft
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
William McKinley
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 40
Which president proposed the 14 Points at the Treaty of Versailles in 1919?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 41
Which president escalated the Vietnam War by deploying large numbers of conventional ground troops following the Gulf of Tonkin incident?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 42
Which president repealed the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George H.W. Bush
C
George W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 43
Which president won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War in 1905?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
William Howard Taft
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 44
Which president appointed Thurgood Marshall, the first African American justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Barack Obama
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 45
Which president initiated the “War on Drugs”?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Richard Nixon
Question 46
Which president created the interstate highway system?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Herbert Hoover
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 47
Which president implemented supply-side economics during the 1980s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Gerald Ford
Question 48
Which president initiated the War on Terror following the 9/11 attacks?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 49
Which president implemented the policy of containment against the Soviet Union in the Cold War?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 50
Which president signed the No Child Left Behind Act?

A
Barack Obama
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
George W. Bush
Question 51
Which president hosted peace talks, known as the Dayton Accords, which led to peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

A
Bill Clinton
B
Barack Obama
C
George H.W. Bush
D
George W. Bush
Question 52
Which president was known as the “conservation president” for his expansion of the national park system?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
William Howard Taft
D
William McKinley
Question 53
Which president pledged to land a man on the moon within a decade?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Richard Nixon
Question 54
The energy crisis of the late 1970's occurred during which presidential administration?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Richard Nixon
D
Gerald Ford
Question 55
Which president was known as the “trust-buster” for his aggressive prosecution of anti-competitive business practices?

A
Grover Cleveland
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
William McKinley
D
Benjamin Harrison
Question 56
Which president initiated the “New Deal” in an effort to end the Great Depression?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Herbert Hoover
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 57
Which president led the nation to victory during the first Gulf War in the 1990s?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George W. Bush
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 58
Which president led the nation for almost the entire duration of the Korea War?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 59
Which president was implicated in the Watergate scandal?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Bill Clinton
C
Ulysses S. Grant
D
Richard Nixon
Question 60
Which president implemented the policy of “dollar diplomacy”?

A
William McKinley
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
William Howard Taft
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