Presidential History Quiz
(1901–2016)

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Question 1
Which president was known as the “trust-buster” for his aggressive prosecution of anti-competitive business practices?

A
Grover Cleveland
B
Benjamin Harrison
C
William McKinley
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 2
Which president guided the nation through the end of the Cold War into a “new world order”?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 3
Which president was implicated in the Watergate scandal?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Warren G. Harding
C
Ulysses S. Grant
D
Bill Clinton
Question 4
Which president initiated the “Good Neighbor Policy” and pledged not to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 5
Which president added a “corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine that stated the US could intervene in order to end unrest in another country?

A
William McKinley
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
William Howard Taft
Question 6
Which president was the first to throw out a ceremonial first pitch at a baseball game?

A
Calvin Coolidge
B
William Howard Taft
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 7
Which president won Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to negotiate a peace treaty following World War I, making him the second president to receive the award?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 8
Which president signed the Defense of Marriage Act?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George H.W. Bush
C
George W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 9
Which president signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

A
Richard Nixon
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 10
Which president was known as the “conservation president” for his expansion of the national park system?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
William McKinley
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
William Howard Taft
Question 11
Which president ended 25 years of hostility by opening relations with Communist China?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 12
Which president led the nation to victory during the first Gulf War in the 1990s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George W. Bush
Question 13
Which president was criticized for his “court packing” scheme — an attempt to appoint six new justices to the Supreme Court?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Richard Nixon
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 14
Which president appointed Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic Justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
George W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 15
Which president appointed Thurgood Marshall, the first African American justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Barack Obama
Question 16
Which president appointed Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Barack Obama
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 17
Which president repealed the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
Bill Clinton
B
Barack Obama
C
George W. Bush
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 18
Which president was criticized for cracking down on the “Bonus Army” in 1932 — a group of WWI veterans who sought financial aid during the Great Depression?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Calvin Coolidge
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 19
Which president implemented the Great Society and the War on Poverty?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Richard Nixon
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 20
Which president implemented the policy of “dollar diplomacy”?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
William McKinley
C
William Howard Taft
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 21
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2009 for his efforts to encourage nuclear non-proliferation, making him the fourth president to receive the award?

A
George W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 22
Which president signed the Patient and Affordable Care Act which required all Americans to have health insurance?

A
George W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 23
Which president hosted peace talks, known as the Dayton Accords, which led to peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George W. Bush
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 24
Which president led the nation throughout most of World War II?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 25
Which president stepped up the “War on Drugs” in order to counter “crack” cocaine during the 1980s?

A
Gerald Ford
B
Ronald Reagan
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 26
Which president was elected to the White House four times?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Grover Cleveland
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
Abraham Lincoln
Question 27
Which president implemented the policy of containment against the Soviet Union in the Cold War?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 28
Which president ended a period of “détente” with the Soviet Union by adopting a more confrontational stance and trying to “rollback” communist influence during the 1980s?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Gerald Ford
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 29
Which president initiated a period of “peaceful coexistence” with the Soviet Union and negotiated the Strategic Arms Limitation and Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaties in the 1970s?

A
Gerald Ford
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 30
Which president escalated the Vietnam War by deploying large numbers of conventional ground troops following the Gulf of Tonkin incident?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 31
Which president implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
Ronald Reagan
D
George W. Bush
Question 32
Which president implemented supply-side economics during the 1980s?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Gerald Ford
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 33
Which president made the decision to drop atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 34
The energy crisis of the late 1970's occurred during which presidential administration?

A
Gerald Ford
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Richard Nixon
Question 35
Which president convened the Washington Naval Conference in 1921 to limit battleship construction?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Herbert Hoover
Question 36
Which president created the interstate highway system?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
Herbert Hoover
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 37
Which president signed the Federal Reserve Act in 1913?

A
William McKinley
B
William Howard Taft
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 38
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2002 for his efforts to promote peaceful solutions after leaving the White House, making him the third president to receive the award?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Gerald Ford
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 39
Which president signed the No Child Left Behind Act?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 40
Which president implemented the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
George W. Bush
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
Bill Clinton
Question 41
Which president is the only leader to have served in both the White House and Supreme Court?

A
John Quincy Adams
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
John Adams
D
William Howard Taft
Question 42
Which president led the nation for almost the entire duration of the Korea War?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 43
Which president ordered federal troops to enforce desegregation at Little Rock, Arkansas?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 44
Which president proposed the 14 Points at the Treaty of Versailles in 1919?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 45
Which president won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War in 1905?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
William Howard Taft
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 46
Which president led the nation during the Iran hostage crisis?

A
Gerald Ford
B
Ronald Reagan
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Richard Nixon
Question 47
Which president initiated the “War on Drugs”?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Richard Nixon
Question 48
Which president was the second to have been successfully impeached by the House of Representatives?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Bill Clinton
C
Andrew Johnson
D
Gerald Ford
Question 49
Which president was in office at the start of the Great Recession?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 50
Which president created the Peace Corps?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Harry S. Truman
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 51
Which president withdrew US ground troops from the Vietnam War?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Gerald Ford
Question 52
Which president advocated the adoption of the Kellogg-Briand Pact which sought to outlaw war in 1928?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 53
Which president initiated the War on Terror following the 9/11 attacks?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
Barack Obama
D
George W. Bush
Question 54
Which president gave the “Day of Infamy” speech?

A
George W. Bush
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
Abraham Lincoln
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 55
Which president began to normalize the US-Cuban relationship after more than 50 years of hostility?

A
Barack Obama
B
George H.W. Bush
C
George W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 56
Which president initiated the “New Deal” in an effort to end the Great Depression?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 57
Which president pledged to land a man on the moon within a decade?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Richard Nixon
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 58
Which president’s administration was marred by scandals including the Teapot Dome scandal and extramarital affairs?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
James Garfield
C
Calvin Coolidge
D
Ulysses S. Grant
Question 59
Which president introduced the Cold War concept of the “Domino Theory?”

A
Harry S. Truman
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 60
Which president approved the Bay of Pigs invasion and confronted the Soviet Union in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
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