Presidential History Quiz
(1901–2016)

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Question 1
Which president created the Peace Corps?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 2
Which president led the nation for almost the entire duration of the Korea War?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 3
Which president gave the “Day of Infamy” speech?

A
George W. Bush
B
Abraham Lincoln
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 4
The energy crisis of the late 1970's occurred during which presidential administration?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Gerald Ford
C
Richard Nixon
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 5
Which president was known as the “conservation president” for his expansion of the national park system?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
William Howard Taft
C
William McKinley
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 6
Which president implemented the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
Bill Clinton
Question 7
Which president signed the Patient and Affordable Care Act which required all Americans to have health insurance?

A
George W. Bush
B
Barack Obama
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 8
Which president was in office at the start of the Great Recession?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
George W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
Bill Clinton
Question 9
Which president ended 25 years of hostility by opening relations with Communist China?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Richard Nixon
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 10
Which president initiated the “War on Drugs”?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Jimmy Carter
D
Richard Nixon
Question 11
Which president was criticized for cracking down on the “Bonus Army” in 1932 — a group of WWI veterans who sought financial aid during the Great Depression?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Warren G. Harding
D
Calvin Coolidge
Question 12
Which president was criticized for his “court packing” scheme — an attempt to appoint six new justices to the Supreme Court?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Richard Nixon
Question 13
Which president was the second to have been successfully impeached by the House of Representatives?

A
Andrew Johnson
B
Gerald Ford
C
Bill Clinton
D
Richard Nixon
Question 14
Which president signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 15
Which president was implicated in the Watergate scandal?

A
Ulysses S. Grant
B
Warren G. Harding
C
Richard Nixon
D
Bill Clinton
Question 16
Which president was the first to throw out a ceremonial first pitch at a baseball game?

A
William Howard Taft
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 17
Which president signed the Federal Reserve Act in 1913?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
William Howard Taft
C
William McKinley
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 18
Which president’s administration was marred by scandals including the Teapot Dome scandal and extramarital affairs?

A
Ulysses S. Grant
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
James Garfield
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 19
Which president is the only leader to have served in both the White House and Supreme Court?

A
William Howard Taft
B
John Quincy Adams
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
John Adams
Question 20
Which president signed the Defense of Marriage Act?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George W. Bush
Question 21
Which president approved the Bay of Pigs invasion and confronted the Soviet Union in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

A
Lyndon B. Johnson
B
Harry S. Truman
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 22
Which president ordered federal troops to enforce desegregation at Little Rock, Arkansas?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 23
Which president implemented the policy of “dollar diplomacy”?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Theodore Roosevelt
C
William McKinley
D
William Howard Taft
Question 24
Which president guided the nation through the end of the Cold War into a “new world order”?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Ronald Reagan
C
George W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 25
Which president was elected to the White House four times?

A
Abraham Lincoln
B
Grover Cleveland
C
Franklin D. Roosevelt
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 26
Which president escalated the Vietnam War by deploying large numbers of conventional ground troops following the Gulf of Tonkin incident?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Lyndon B. Johnson
C
Harry S. Truman
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 27
Which president proposed the 14 Points at the Treaty of Versailles in 1919?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Harry S. Truman
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 28
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2009 for his efforts to encourage nuclear non-proliferation, making him the fourth president to receive the award?

A
Barack Obama
B
George H.W. Bush
C
George W. Bush
D
Bill Clinton
Question 29
Which president made the decision to drop atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Dwight D. Eisenhower
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Question 30
Which president led the nation to victory during the first Gulf War in the 1990s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Bill Clinton
C
George H.W. Bush
D
George W. Bush
Question 31
Which president implemented the policy of containment against the Soviet Union in the Cold War?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 32
Which president led the nation during the Iran hostage crisis?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Gerald Ford
D
Richard Nixon
Question 33
Which president convened the Washington Naval Conference in 1921 to limit battleship construction?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Calvin Coolidge
C
Herbert Hoover
D
Woodrow Wilson
Question 34
Which president added a “corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine that stated the US could intervene in order to end unrest in another country?

A
William Howard Taft
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
William McKinley
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 35
Which president won Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to negotiate a peace treaty following World War I, making him the second president to receive the award?

A
Woodrow Wilson
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
Warren G. Harding
Question 36
Which president initiated the “Good Neighbor Policy” and pledged not to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries?

A
John F. Kennedy
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 37
Which president initiated the “New Deal” in an effort to end the Great Depression?

A
Franklin D. Roosevelt
B
Herbert Hoover
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Harry S. Truman
Question 38
Which president began to normalize the US-Cuban relationship after more than 50 years of hostility?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
George W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 39
Which president won the Nobel Peace prize in 2002 for his efforts to promote peaceful solutions after leaving the White House, making him the third president to receive the award?

A
Gerald Ford
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Ronald Reagan
D
Jimmy Carter
Question 40
Which president withdrew US ground troops from the Vietnam War?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Gerald Ford
C
Richard Nixon
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 41
Which president appointed Thurgood Marshall, the first African American justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Barack Obama
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 42
Which president won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War in 1905?

A
Warren G. Harding
B
Woodrow Wilson
C
Theodore Roosevelt
D
William Howard Taft
Question 43
Which president implemented the Great Society and the War on Poverty?

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
Richard Nixon
C
John F. Kennedy
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 44
Which president advocated the adoption of the Kellogg-Briand Pact which sought to outlaw war in 1928?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Warren G. Harding
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Calvin Coolidge
Question 45
Which president stepped up the “War on Drugs” in order to counter “crack” cocaine during the 1980s?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Gerald Ford
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 46
Which president initiated a period of “peaceful coexistence” with the Soviet Union and negotiated the Strategic Arms Limitation and Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaties in the 1970s?

A
Richard Nixon
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Gerald Ford
Question 47
Which president appointed Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Jimmy Carter
B
Barack Obama
C
Lyndon B. Johnson
D
Ronald Reagan
Question 48
Which president created the interstate highway system?

A
Herbert Hoover
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Theodore Roosevelt
Question 49
Which president signed the No Child Left Behind Act?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Bill Clinton
C
Barack Obama
D
George W. Bush
Question 50
Which president implemented supply-side economics during the 1980s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Jimmy Carter
C
Gerald Ford
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 51
Which president initiated the War on Terror following the 9/11 attacks?

A
Bill Clinton
B
Barack Obama
C
George H.W. Bush
D
George W. Bush
Question 52
Which president was known as the “trust-buster” for his aggressive prosecution of anti-competitive business practices?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Benjamin Harrison
C
Grover Cleveland
D
William McKinley
Question 53
Which president introduced the Cold War concept of the “Domino Theory?”

A
Dwight D. Eisenhower
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Harry S. Truman
D
Lyndon B. Johnson
Question 54
Which president hosted peace talks, known as the Dayton Accords, which led to peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George H.W. Bush
C
Barack Obama
D
George W. Bush
Question 55
Which president repealed the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy in the Department of Defense?

A
George H.W. Bush
B
Barack Obama
C
Bill Clinton
D
George W. Bush
Question 56
Which president led the nation throughout most of World War II?

A
Harry S. Truman
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Woodrow Wilson
D
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Question 57
Which president ended a period of “détente” with the Soviet Union by adopting a more confrontational stance and trying to “rollback” communist influence during the 1980s?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
Jimmy Carter
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Gerald Ford
Question 58
Which president implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement?

A
Ronald Reagan
B
George W. Bush
C
Bill Clinton
D
George H.W. Bush
Question 59
Which president appointed Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic Justice, to the Supreme Court?

A
Bill Clinton
B
George W. Bush
C
George H.W. Bush
D
Barack Obama
Question 60
Which president pledged to land a man on the moon within a decade?

A
Lyndon B. Johnson
B
John F. Kennedy
C
Dwight D. Eisenhower
D
Richard Nixon
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