Revolutionary War Quiz

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Question 1
Which of these events was the first military engagement of the Revolutionary War?

A
Battle of Bunker Hill
B
Boston Massacre
C
Boston Tea Party
D
Battles of Lexington & Concord
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Battles of Lexington and Concord were “the shots heard round the world” and marked the start of the Revolutionary War in April 1775. The battles began when British troops tried to seize weapons and ammunition from secret depots organized by the Patriots.
Question 2
Which battle in 1775, although a defeat for Patriot forces, demonstrated that Patriots could fight under fire from the British army during the Revolutionary War?

A
Battles of Yorktown
B
Battle of Bunker Hill
C
Battle of Saratoga
D
Battle of Trenton
Question 2 Explanation: 
In June 1775, Patriot forces withstood two frontal assaults by the British army during the Battle of Bunker Hill. However, a third attack forced them to retreat when they ran out of ammunition. Although a tactical defeat, the battle proved that Patriots could stand up to the highly trained and disciplined British army.
Question 3
Which Patriot general eventually became a traitor and offered to surrender West Point to the British during the Revolutionary War?

A
“Light Horse” Harry Lee
B
Benedict Arnold
C
Nathan Hale
D
“Mad” Anthony Wayne
Question 3 Explanation: 
Arnold joined the Continental army in 1775 and quickly became a general. However, he was denied further promotion and was also charged with corruption. He decided to defect to the British in 1780. He served as a general in the British army and died in 1801.
Question 4
Which foreign officer helped improve the training and discipline of continental troops during the Revolutionary War?

A
Casimir Pulaski
B
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
C
Tadeusz Kosciuszko
D
Marquis de Lafayette
Question 4 Explanation: 
Von Steuben was a Prussian officer who joined the American Revolution in 1778. He was appointed inspector general of the Continental army and instituted a rigorous training program, including extensive bayonet drills.
Question 5
Which 1775 engagement resulted in the Green Mountain Boys capturing heavy British artillery that would later be used against the Redcoats during the Revolutionary War?

A
Battle of Trenton
B
Battle of Saratoga
C
Fort Ticonderoga
D
Battle of Bunker Hill
Question 5 Explanation: 
The Green Mountain Boys launched a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga on the night of May 9, 1775. They surprised the British garrison and captured a number of cannons, howitzers, and mortars, which the Continental army lacked.
Question 6
The British army hired large numbers of foreign mercenaries to help defeat the Patriot cause during the Revolutionary War. What were German troops fighting on the British side called?

A
Genoese
B
Hessians
C
Catalonians
D
Cossacks
Question 6 Explanation: 
Approximately 30,000 German mercenaries fought for the British during the Revolutionary War. The largest contingent came from the German state of Hesse, and were known as Hessians. This term was also used to refer to all German troops fighting for Britain. About 8,000 Germans died during the war, 17,000 went home, and 5,000 settled in the United States.
Question 7
Which battle in 1776 was a Patriot victory that involved a surprise attack on mercenaries employed by the British and raised morale within the Continental army during the Revolutionary War?

A
Battle of Trenton
B
Battle of Bunker Hill
C
Battle of Fort Washington
D
Battle of Saratoga
Question 7 Explanation: 
Washington launched his famous attack on Trenton, New Jersey, on December 26, 1776. The Hessian garrison was caught by surprise and almost the entire force was killed or captured.
Question 8
Which battle in 1777 was a Continental victory that finally convinced the French to support the Patriot cause during the Revolutionary War?

A
Battle of Saratoga
B
Battle of Bunker Hill
C
Battle of Lexington & Concord
D
Battle of Trenton
Question 8 Explanation: 
The Continental army surrounded about 7,000 British troops at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777. The British were unable to escape and almost the entire army was killed or captured. The victory caused France to send arms and money to the Patriots.
Question 9
The British held which city in Georgia between 1779 and 1782?

A
Atlanta
B
Augusta
C
Savannah
D
Macon
Question 9 Explanation: 
The British captured Savannah in 1778 and repulsed a joint Patriot-French effort to recapture the city in 1779. British troops only withdrew from Savannah in 1782.
Question 10
The story of Molly Pitcher is associated with what Revolutionary War battle in 1778?

A
Battle of Cowpens
B
Battle of Brandywine
C
Battle of Bunker Hill
D
Battle of Monmouth
Question 10 Explanation: 
The Battle of Monmouth occurred on June 28, 1778 in New Jersey, and Molly Pitcher is the nickname given to a woman who fought in this battle. She is generally believed to have been Mary Ludwig Hays. After her husband collapsed and was carried off the battlefield, Mary Hays took his place, loading a cannon for the rest of the day. Some historians regard the story of Molly Pitcher as folklore rather than history.
Question 11
Which massacre occurred during the Revolutionary War in 1782 and involved the slaughter of more than 90 “praying” Indians in Ohio?

A
Wounded Knee
B
Mystic River
C
Sand Creek
D
Gnadenhutten
Question 11 Explanation: 
Located in eastern Ohio, Gnadenhutten was a settlement of Delaware Indians who had converted to Christianity. The Pennsylvania militia suspected the “praying Indians” of attacking American settlements. They murdered more than 90 Delaware, including women and children.
Question 12
Which event in Kentucky in 1782 was one of the last engagements of the Revolutionary War and led to the death of Daniel Boone’s son, Israel?

A
Fort Ticonderoga
B
Siege of Boonesborough
C
Battle of Blue Licks
D
Siege of Fort Vincennes
Question 12 Explanation: 
The Battle of Blue Licks occurred 10 months after Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. About 350 loyalists and Indian allies ambushed a force of 180 Kentucky militiamen. About 80 Patriots were killed or captured.
Question 13
Which engagement in 1779 by George Rogers Clark led to the capture of a British garrison in territory that would become Indiana?

A
Battle of Blue Licks
B
Siege of Vincennes
C
Siege of Bryan Station
D
Siege of Boonesborough
Question 13 Explanation: 
Clark led about 170 men on a 180-mile march from Illinois to Ft. Vincennes in Indiana. After a two-day siege, they forced the British garrison to surrender.
Question 14
Which battle in 1775 was a decisive defeat in the American attempt to invade Canada during the Revolutionary War?

A
Battle of Montreal
B
Battle of Quebec
C
Battle of Toronto
D
Battle of Ottawa
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Battle of Quebec was a decisive British victory and about 500 Patriots were killed, wounded, or captured, out of a force of 1,300. The Americans retreated and did not launch another invasion of Canada until the War of 1812.
Question 15
Which engagement in 1779 was the worst naval defeat for American forces until Pearl Harbor in 1941?

A
Battle of Cape Breton
B
Battle of the Chesapeake
C
Battle of Nassau
D
Penobscot Expedition
Question 15 Explanation: 
The Penobscot Expedition was a 44-ship American naval task force sent to reclaim control of an area on the coast of Maine that had been seized by the British. The flotilla included 19 warships and 25 smaller support vessels. The Americans suffered 474 casualties and lost all of their ships. It was one the greatest victories of the war for the British.
Question 16
Which naval engagement in 1781 ensured Cornwallis and the British troops at Yorktown were trapped?

A
Battle of Nassau
B
Battle of the Chesapeake
C
Penobscot Expedition
D
Battle of Cape Breton
Question 16 Explanation: 
The French navy sent 24 ships to assist the Patriots and they engaged a squadron of 19 British ships at the Battle of the Chesapeake in September 1781. Although evenly matched, additional French ships arrived and forced the British to disengage.
Question 17
Which battle in 1781 was a turning point in the Patriot attempt to recapture South Carolina during the Revolutionary War?

A
Battle of Waxhaws
B
Siege of Charleston
C
Battle of Cowpens
D
Battle of Stono Ferry
Question 17 Explanation: 
At the Battle of Cowpens, the Patriot militia force retreated after firing two volleys and the British launched a bayonet charge. However, a third line of regular Continental soldiers fired a devastating volley that halted the attack and then the British fled when the Continental regulars launched their own bayonet charge. Almost the entire British force was killed or captured.
Question 18
Which battle in 1780 was a decisive defeat for the Patriot cause and prevented General Horatio Gates from ever again leading troops in the field?

A
Battle of Cowpens
B
Battle of Camden
C
Battle of Guilford Court House
D
Battle of Yorktown
Question 18 Explanation: 
The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the war. Although the Patriots outnumbered the British almost 2 to 1, several Continental militia units were quickly overwhelmed and more than 2,000 Patriots became casualties. It was a humiliating defeat for Gates, who was best known for defeating the British at the Battle of Saratoga.
Question 19
Which battle in 1780 caused British officer Banastre Tarleton to earn the nickname “Bloody Ban” because many Patriots where killed while trying to surrender?

A
Battle of Cowpens
B
Battle of Kings Mountain
C
Battle of Guilford Court House
D
Battle of Waxhaws
Question 19 Explanation: 
The Battle of Waxhaws is also known as Buford’s Massacre — named for the Continental commander. Tarleton’s loyalist cavalry charged the Patriot force and continued to shoot as the Continentals tried to surrender. About one-quarter of the 400 Continentals died.
Question 20
At which battle in 1780 did Patriot forces take revenge for previous atrocities by shooting Loyalist militiamen who were trying to surrender?

A
Battle of Waxhaws
B
Battle of Kings Mountain
C
Battle of Cowpens
D
Battle of Guilford Court House
Question 20 Explanation: 
Patriot and loyalist militia forces clashed at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. Patriots avenged the slaughter at Waxhaws and killed almost 300 of the 1,100 loyalist militia. About 700 loyalists were also captured.
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