Women’s History Quiz

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Question 1
Which woman challenged the authority of the Puritan clergy and was a key figure in the development of religious freedom in the American colonies?

A
Anne Bradstreet
B
Anne Hutchinson
C
Anne Arundell
D
Virginia Dare
Question 1 Explanation: 
Born in England in 1591, Anne Hutchinson emigrated to Boston in 1634. Her adherence to the Free Grace theology was at odds with the established Puritan clergy in the Boston area, and she was tried for slander. She was excommunicated and settled in New Hampshire. She, and most of her family, died during an American Indian attack in 1643.
Question 2
Who was the first female writer in the American colonies to be published?

A
Anne Bradstreet
B
Anne Arundell
C
Virginia Dare
D
Hester Prynne
Question 2 Explanation: 
Anne Bradstreet was born in England in 1612 and emigrated to Massachusetts in 1630. In 1650, she published a book of poetry titled The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America.
Question 3
Which wife of a Founding Father wrote a letter to her husband in 1776, urging him to “...remember the ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors”?

A
Dolley Madison
B
Martha Washington
C
Elizabeth Hamilton
D
Abigail Adams
Question 3 Explanation: 
Abigail Smith was born in Massachusetts in 1744 and married her third cousin John Adams in 1764. She advocated for better educational opportunities for women and demanded more property rights for married women. She served as first lady between 1797 and 1801.
Question 4
Who is credited with making the first American flag in 1776?

A
Abigail Adams
B
Betsy Ross
C
Sally Hemings
D
Molly Pitcher
Question 4 Explanation: 
Betsy Ross was born in Philadelphia in 1752, and her husband supported the Patriot cause. According to family lore, Ross created the first American flag in 1776. However, there is no archival evidence supporting the claim.
Question 5
Which woman is credited with servicing a Patriot cannon during the Battle of Monmouth in 1778 during the American Revolution?

A
Molly Pitcher
B
Abigail Adams
C
Lydia Darragh
D
Deborah Sampson
Question 5 Explanation: 
Molly Pitcher is the nickname given to Mary Ludwig Hays resulting from her participation in the American Revolution, when she carried pitchers of water to help American soldiers. She appeared on a postage stamp in 1928 in honor of the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Monmouth.
Question 6
Which woman was an advocate for reform in prisons and mental institutions in the 1800s?

A
Dorothea Dix
B
Sarah Grimké
C
Jane Addams
D
Lucretia Mott
Question 6 Explanation: 
Born in Maine in 1802, Dorothea Dix investigated abuse in mental institutions and prisons. She published reports that led to reforms in New Jersey and Massachusetts, and during the Civil War she supervised the nursing service for the Union army.
Question 7
Which Quaker woman published Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women in 1837?

A
Lucy Stone
B
Sarah Grimké
C
Amelia Bloomer
D
Abby Kelley
Question 7 Explanation: 
Born in South Carolina in 1792, Sarah Moore Grimké was an abolitionist and a member of the women's suffrage movement. She became a Quaker in 1821. She influenced many other activists, including Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, before she died in 1873.
Question 8
Who organized the 1848 women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York?

A
Lucretia Mott
B
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
C
Harriet Tubman
D
Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Question 8 Explanation: 
Mott and Stanton were both abolitionists who met at an anti-slavery convention in London in 1840. They organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention, the first women's rights convention.
Question 9
Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin?

A
Lucretia Mott
B
Sarah Grimké
C
Harriet Tubman
D
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Question 9 Explanation: 
Born in Connecticut in 1811, Harriet Beecher Stowe later moved to Cincinnati. She married an abolitionist and published Uncle Tom’s Cabin in serial form in 1851. In its first year, it sold more than 300,000 copies. The book energized anti-slavery forces in the North, while provoking widespread anger in the South.
Question 10
Clara Barton served as a nurse during what conflict?

A
World War II
B
The Civil War
C
Crimean War
D
World War I
Question 10 Explanation: 
Born in Massachusetts in 1821, Barton became a teacher and nurse. During the Civil War, she tended to wounded soldiers during several important battles, including Antietam and Fredericksburg. She is best known as the founder and first president of the American Red Cross.
Question 11
Which woman went on trial for attempting to vote illegally in the US presidential election of 1872?

A
Harriet Tubman
B
Alice Paul
C
Sojourner Truth
D
Susan B. Anthony
Question 11 Explanation: 
Born in Massachusetts in 1820, Susan B. Anthony was a social reformer and feminist activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. She was arrested when she tried to vote in the 1872 presidential election and was convicted. She was ordered to pay a $100 fine, but refused to do so. She died in 1906. In 1979, the United States Mint began issuing the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin.
Question 12
Which woman was a key figure in the American temperance movement?

A
Jane Addams
B
Dorothea Dix
C
Frances Perkins
D
Frances Willard
Question 12 Explanation: 
The temperance movement was a movement to curb the consumption of alcohol in late 18th and early 19th century America. Frances Willard was born in New York in 1839, and in 1874 she helped found the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. She argued that alcohol destroyed families and that liquor should be banned.
Question 13
Which woman was an anarchist who also advocated for free love and atheism in the United States during the early 1900s?

A
Golda Meir
B
Rosa Luxemburg
C
Jane Addams
D
Emma Goldman
Question 13 Explanation: 
Born in Lithuania in 1869, Emma Goldman emigrated to the United States in 1885. She became an anarchist after the 1886 Haymarket Riot. During World War I she was arrested for opposing the draft and was eventually deported to Russia.
Question 14
Which industrial disaster occurred in the early 1900s and killed more than 100 young women?

A
Port Chicago disaster
B
Three Mile Island accident
C
Great Molasses Flood
D
Triangle Shirtwaist fire
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire occurred on the 8th, 9th, and 10th floors of a factory in Greenwich Village. Most of the workers were young immigrant women, and 123 women died during the inferno. Many doors were locked to prevent theft by employees, and the disaster led to new regulations and better working conditions.
Question 15
In 1916, which woman opened the first birth control clinic in the United States?

A
Jane Addams
B
Margaret Sanger
C
Frances Perkins
D
Lynette Fromme
Question 15 Explanation: 
Margaret Sanger was born in New York in 1879. She was a birth control activist, sex educator, writer, and nurse. She opened the United States’ first birth control clinic in Brooklyn. Birth control was illegal, and nine days after the clinic opened she was arrested. Publicity surrounding her arrest and conviction sparked birth control activism across the country. In 1946, Sanger helped found the International Committee on Planned Parenthood.
Question 16
When did American women gain the right to vote?

A
1791 with the Bill of Rights
B
1789 with the US Constitution
C
1920 with the 19th Amendment
D
1919 with the 18th Amendment
Question 16 Explanation: 
A constitutional amendment that granted women’s suffrage was proposed in the US House of Representatives in January 1918. President Woodrow Wilson supported the amendment, and it finally passed the US Senate in June 1919. Tennessee was the 36th state to ratify the amendment, which provided the final ratification necessary to add the 19th Amendment to the Constitution in August 1920.
Question 17
“Flappers” are most closely associated with what time period?

A
1950s
B
1920s
C
1940s
D
1930s
Question 17 Explanation: 
“Flappers” flaunted social norms during the 1920s. They wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, smoked cigarettes, drank alcohol, and drove automobiles. The flapper style disappeared after the Stock Market Crash of 1929.
Question 18
Who was the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize?

A
Harper Lee
B
Sara Teasdale
C
Edith Wharton
D
Sylvia Plath
Question 18 Explanation: 
Edith Wharton was born in New York in 1862, and attempted her first novel at age 11. She was a prolific writer who authored 15 novels, 7 novellas, and 85 short stories. She won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1921 with her novel Age of Innocence.
Question 19
Which American woman was a prominent social and political activist who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931?

A
Jane Addams
B
Dorothea Dix
C
Carrie Nation
D
Rosa Luxemburg
Question 19 Explanation: 
Addams is known as the "mother" of social work. She was a settlement activist, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and a leading advocate of women's suffrage and world peace. In 1889, Jane Addams co-founded Chicago's Hull House, a settlement house that provided educational and recreational facilities for European immigrant women and children.
Question 20
Who was the first woman appointed to a presidential cabinet?

A
Geraldine Ferraro
B
Martha Washington
C
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
D
Frances Perkins
Question 20 Explanation: 
Born in Massachusetts in 1880, Frances Perkins was a sociologist and workers-rights advocate. Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her Secretary of Labor in 1933, and she served until 1945.
Question 21
Rosie the Riveter played a symbolic role for women during which event?

A
World War II
B
Civil War
C
World War I
D
The Great Depression
Question 21 Explanation: 
Rosie the Riveter became an icon that represented women’s contributions to the home front during World War II. Three million women entered the workforce and many of them worked in factories that produced war material. Rose Will Monroe, a riveter at a B-24 factory in Ypsilanti, Michigan, is thought to be the inspiration for Rosie the Riveter.
Question 22
Which woman helped draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948?

A
Shirley Chisholm
B
Olympe de Gouges
C
Jeane Kirkpatrick
D
Eleanor Roosevelt
Question 22 Explanation: 
Born in New York in 1884, Eleanor married her fifth cousin Franklin Roosevelt in 1905. She maintained a highly visible role as First Lady between 1933 and 1945, and became the first chairperson of the UN Commission on Human Rights, influencing the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Question 23
Who wrote The Second Sex?

A
Betty Friedan
B
Gloria Steinem
C
Simone de Beauvoir
D
Olympe de Gouges
Question 23 Explanation: 
Simone de Beauvoir was a French writer. In 1949 she published The Second Sex, which examines the treatment of women throughout history. The book was translated into English and played an important role in the development of feminism in America.
Question 24
Who wrote Silent Spring?

A
Rachel Carson
B
Erin Brockovich
C
Margaret Murie
D
Celia Hunter
Question 24 Explanation: 
Born in Pennsylvania in 1907, Rachel Carson was a marine biologist, a writer, and an environmentalist. In 1962, she published Silent Spring, which examined the effects of DDT on the environment. Her book led to a ban on the use of DDT for agricultural purposes in 1972.
Question 25
Who wrote The Feminine Mystique?

A
Betty Friedan
B
Kate Millett
C
bell hooks
D
Gloria Steinem
Question 25 Explanation: 
Betty Friedan was born in Illinois in 1921. She studied psychology at Smith College and Berkeley, and later worked as a journalist. She published The Feminine Mystique in 1963. The book examined why many housewives felt dissatisfied with their lives. It is widely credited with sparking second-wave feminism in the United States. She was also the co-founder and first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW).
Question 26
What landmark piece of legislation prohibited employment discrimination against women?

A
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
B
The Equal Pay Act of 1963
C
The Equal Rights Amendment
D
The 19th Amendment
Question 26 Explanation: 
Originally, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 only outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin, but Virginia Democratic Congressman Howard Smith offered an amendment that added sex as a protected category. His amendment passed with the votes of Republicans and Southern Democrats.
Question 27
Who was the first African American woman elected to Congress?

A
Shirley Chisholm
B
Barbara Jordan
C
Angela Davis
D
Condoleezza Rice
Question 27 Explanation: 
Born in New York in 1924, Shirley Chisholm became a teacher and later served in the New York State Assembly. She was elected to Congress in 1968 and served until 1983. In 1972, she made an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic presidential nomination.
Question 28
Which Supreme Court decision lifted restrictions on access to abortion services?

A
Dred Scott v. Sandford
B
Loving v. Virginia
C
Plessy v. Ferguson
D
Roe v. Wade
Question 28 Explanation: 
Norma McCorvey, under the alias of Jane Roe, filed suit in the US District Court to overturn a Texas law that restricted access to abortion. The case went to the US Supreme Court in 1971, and the justices issued a 7–2 ruling that the Texas law violated an implied right to privacy in the 14th Amendment’s due process clause.
Question 29
Which of the following banned gender discrimination in education?

A
Civil Rights Act of 1964
B
Equal Rights Amendment
C
Title IX
D
19th Amendment
Question 29 Explanation: 
Title IX was a portion of the 1972 Education Amendments, which banned discrimination against women in education. It greatly expanded women’s participation in sports at the high school and college level.
Question 30
The “Battle of the Sexes” between athletes Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs in 1973 occurred in what sport?

A
Tennis
B
Swimming
C
Bowling
D
Golf
Question 30 Explanation: 
Bobby Riggs had been a tennis star during the 1940s, and he came out of retirement in 1973 to play against Billie Jean King. The match was held at the Houston Astrodome, and had a worldwide audience of 90 million viewers. Riggs initially took a lead, but King eventually won.
Question 31
Who was the first woman to serve on the US Supreme Court?

A
Sandra Day O’Connor
B
Sonia Sotomayor
C
Elena Kagan
D
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Question 31 Explanation: 
Sandra Day O’Connor was born in El Paso in 1930 and graduated from Stanford Law School. She served as the Attorney General, a legislator, and a judge in Arizona before President Ronald Reagan appointed her to the Supreme Court in 1981. She retired in 2005.
Question 32
Who was the first American woman to go into space?

A
Christa McAuliffe
B
Amelia Earhart
C
Judith Resnik
D
Sally Ride
Question 32 Explanation: 
Sally Ride was born in Los Angeles in 1951 and earned a Ph.D. in physics from Stanford. She joined NASA in 1978 and became the first American woman to go into space as a crew member on the space shuttle Challenger in 1983. Ride remains the youngest American astronaut to have traveled to space, having done so at the age of 32.
Question 33
Who was the first woman to run as the vice-presidential nominee for a major political party?

A
Sarah Palin
B
Hillary Clinton
C
Geraldine Ferraro
D
Nancy Pelosi
Question 33 Explanation: 
Geraldine Ferraro was born in New York in 1935 and worked as a public school teacher before training as a lawyer. She served in the US House of Representatives from 1979 to 1985. In 1984, Walter Mondale, the Democratic nominee for president, chose Ferraro as his running mate. They lost the election to Ronald Reagan. She ran unsuccessfully for the US Senate in 1992, but later served as Ambassador to the UN Commission on Human Rights.
Question 34
Who was the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House in Congress?

A
Barbara Boxer
B
Elizabeth Warren
C
Nancy Pelosi
D
Hillary Clinton
Question 34 Explanation: 
Born in Maryland in 1940, Nancy Pelosi later moved to San Francisco and ran for Congress in 1987. Before being elected Speaker of the House, she served as the House minority whip. She served as Speaker from 2007 to 2011.
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